Knee Replacement: Healing and Staying Safe

March 13, 2019

People who have had a knee replacement can take precautions to protect their new knees. Below are tips and safeguard measures that can help increase comfort and decrease the risk of injuries.

Unlike hip replacement patients, who must be vigilant not to dislocate their new hips, knee replacement patients have a relatively low risk of dislocation (0.15% to 0.5%6-8).

Use a Walker or Cane

A walker or cane may help you not fall and damage the new knee. Walkers and canes also signal to strangers to be cautious and give the person more space. Strangers in public areas are generally less likely to bump, jostle, or startle a person using a cane or walker.

Most knee replacement patients are able to decrease their use of canes and walkers over time.

Treat the Pain

Some patients are tempted to “tough it out” because they do not want to take pain medications, either because of potential side effects or fear of addiction. However, uncontrolled pain can make it difficult to participate in rehabilitation exercises and can even lead to chronic pain.

Knee replacement patients are advised talk to their doctors about post-surgical pain as well as concerns regarding medications. Together they can and come up with pain management plan that works for the patient, making adjustments as needed.

Treat the Swelling

Knee swelling is not only uncomfortable, it can make it range-of-motion exercises difficult or impossible. These range-of-motion exercises are important to recovery and rehabilitation.

Patients can treat swelling by applying cold packs and elevating the affected leg for 20 to 30 minute intervals, or as directed by the health care provider. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which used for pain control, also help reduce inflammation.

Plan Ahead

In the first couple of weeks following knee replacement surgery, many people are tired and prone to falls. People can maximize rest time and reduce the chance of falls by planning ahead. For example:

Plan the day to minimize the number of trips up and down stairs or in and out of a car.
Put essential items like the TV remote control, phone, and tissues where they can be easily accessed.

Communicate Priorities to the Physical Therapist

A physical therapist will personalize a knee rehabilitation program to help a patient reach certain goals. For example, if a patient wants to bike long distances, the physical therapist will teach exercises to prepare the knee for bike pedaling.

No matter what the patients’ goals, physical therapy is essential to knee replacement’s overall success. Patients who attend their physical therapy appointments and do their prescribed exercises tend to recover more quickly and have better outcomes than those who do not.

Information taken in part from www.arthritis-health.com.

Let Piedmont Crossing help you with your post-op and rehab needs. Ask about our Home in 10 Days program. Call Angela at 336-474-3656.